The trekking backpack is an outfit designed for hikers, from the day trip to the many days of trekking.
Therefore, it must be chosen with extreme care based on actual needs.
The first thing to know is what kind of activity you want to play: for short excursions we recommend a backpack with approximate capacity of 30l, while for demanding hiking and long-term excursions the recommended lithography is 60l and beyond.
Even the season in which the backpack is used can influence the choice: in summer the size is smaller because it has to be loaded with less accessories, while in winter the need is greater volume to carry more clothing and equipment. It is therefore advisable to have two backpacks to be used in the most appropriate situations.
Choose the backpack
To buy a mountain backpack, consider some important factors: shape, light weight, shoulder pads, adjusting systems, number of pockets and openings, and the ability to attach it comfortably and securely The material you intend to carry.
Make sure the backrest is adjustable to better fit your height and anatomy: the shape of the backpack should be such as to allow correct weight distribution. Large sized backpacks must be able to rest on the hips, so that the weight does not burden too much on the back.
The ventral belt must be generous, well-padded, with a firm, hard-to-hard consistency that is large enough to rest on the hips in order to relieve the weight on the pelvis, shrugging off the shoulders. This is one of the parts of the backpack often underestimated, but it helps, if well placed, relieving fatigue and pain in the back and back.
The backpack width also affects your comfort:
1. A compact backpack that grows taller allows for a more fluid and balanced walk over the products with a larger footprint that, above all in the most demanding steps, may cause you to lose balance.
2. A large backpack should be equipped with a rigid chassis, preferably internally, in order to make the grip on the back more stable.
If your use is specific (Skiing, alpinism, climbing, mountaineering, etc.), make sure that the backpack is equipped with all accessories that are suitable for the specific transport of the items you use (skis, crampons, rope, ice ax, sticks, etc.).
The shoulder straps should be padded with non-deformable materials to maintain their effectiveness over time, and have a chest strap to prevent sliding outwards, thus ensuring better balance. It is necessary that the backpack, especially if it is large, is provided with straps for the recall of the load; These are two adjustable buckles placed on the upper side of the shoulder straps that serve to adjust the load pressure on the shoulders. Depending on the slope of the slope of the ground, the backpack pressure on the shoulder varies if you walk uphill, downhill or on flat ground.
With regard to the pockets on the outer surface, small or retractable compartments are recommended as the outer pockets are larger and the load stability is lower. This is due to the fact that we leave the backpack’s center of gravity outward forcing the body to assume unnatural positions and unbalance.
It would be better if the mountain backpack, especially if you are hiking and large, has two distinct access areas so you can easily reach the bottom loaded load.
One last thing to not underestimate is compression straps. They are made up of straps placed on the back of the backpack with buckles and regulators, allowing optimum compression of the contents, improving balance, stability and less fatigue.
How to adjust the backpack when worn
After loading the backpack close the compression straps to secure the load inside. At this point wear it, taking care to loosen all the straps of the transport system, and position the ventral belt just above the hoses. Now start tensioning the lower straps of the shoulder straps by increasing the adherence to the back of the backpack, close the chest strap by placing it immediately under the collarbone, and move on the strap belts that will have to form an angle of about 30 °.
HOW TO LOAD THE TREKKING BACKPACK
Reducing the material to carry and preparing the backpack in the right way, the cargo transport is easier.
At the bottom should be placed voluminous objects but not heavy objects, the heaviest objects go, normally, near the back while the others outward. Leave at the top or in the hood of objects or clothing frequently used, and remember that in the case of side pockets, the weight is equally distributed.
1 – Frequently used items.
2 – Heavy objects.
3 – Medium weight objects.
4 – Lightweight objects.
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